Danube Swabian

 

"Every man is a quotation from all his ancestors."
- C
Ralph Waldo Emerson


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Romanian Occupation - English Translations
Compiled by: Paula Zieselman & Terry Lasky, courtesy of
Rosanne Leeson at www.jewishgen.org

absolvent (abs.)   graduate
acad.   academy
achizitor   buyer
acrobat   acrobat
adjunet / adjunct   assistant
administrar (adm.)   administrator
adunator   gatherer, collector
af. intampl. (afaceri intimplatoare)   occasional business
agent   agent, broker
agentura   agency
agricultor (agriculture)   farmer
agronom   agronomist, farmer
ajutar / ajutor   assistant
ajutor   assistant
alamar   brass worker
alienat   lunatic
alunar   hazelnut dealer
ambalage / ambalajor   packer
ambulant   itinerant
angajat   employee
anticar   second hand bookseller
antreprenor   contractor
apar   water carrier
apreteur   laundry worker
aramar   copper worker
architect / arhitect   architect
arendas   leaseholder
argintar   silversmith
arhitect   architect
arhivar   archivist
armator   ship owner
artist   artist
ascutitor   sharpener
asfaltor   asphalt producer
asigurare (asig.)   insurance
asistent (asist.)   assistant
atelier   artist's studio, workshop
atelier de sat.   village workshop
autodidact   self-taught
autor   author
autorizat   authorized
avocat   lawyer
bacal   merchant
bacalaureat   graduate
bacanist   grocer
baiat (de) pravalie   shopboy
baie   bathhouse
banca   bank
bancher   banker
barbier   barber, hairdresser
bastonar   walking stick maker
bauturi   liquor
belfer   teacher (primary)
bibliotecar   librarian
bijutier   jeweler
binoclu   binoculars, opera glasses
birjar   cabman
birou   agency, bureau
birtas   innkeeper
bis (following a number)   bis
blanar   furrier
blat   plasterer
boccegui / (boceagiu, boccegiu)   peddler
boiangiu   dyer
bolnav   invalid
bomboana   sweets
botagiu   wine cask maker
bragagiu bulgar   braga (soft drink) seller
bricicar   barber
broder   embroiderer
broder militar   military embroiderer
brodeur   embroiderer
brutar   baker
bucatar   cook
buccegui / (boceagiu, boccegiu)   peddler
bufetier   bartender
bumbacar   cotton goods merchant
buretar   mushroom seller
bursa   stockmarket
butmar / butnar   cooper
caciular   cap maker
cadastru   survey
cafanea / cafenea   caf
cafenea   caf
cafengiu / cafegiu   coffeehouse owner
caingui de tuitun   tobacco seller
calatori   travel
caldarar   coppersmith
caldarariu   coppersmith
calfa   journeyman, craftsman
camatar   money-lender, usurer
camionagiu   carter, drayman
camionar   truck driver
cantibil / contabil   bookkeeper
cantor   cantor
capras   goatkeeper
caramidar   brickmaker
caraus   carter
carbunarita   (female) coal merchant
carciumar   tavern-keeper, publican
carnatar   sausage maker
carnetar / carnatar   sausage maker
carte   book, card
carton   cardboard
cartonagist   cardboard maker
cartonagiu   cardboard maker
carucar   wagoneer
carutas   wagoneer, carter
casap   butcher
casier   cashier
casnica   housewife
catifea   velvet
catihet   religious teacher
caufeur CFR   engine driver
cazangui   boiler maker
ceaprazar   makes lace, ribbons, tassels for military uniforms
ceasornicar   watchmaker
ceaus   low level clerk, minor official
cenzor / censor   censor
cepegar   hatter
ceprezar   beret maker
ceramicar   ceramist
cereale   grain
CFR / C. F. R.   railroad
chelner   waiter
chemist / chimist   chemist
cherestea   timber
cherestigiu / cherestegiu   timber merchant
chimie   chemistry
chimist   chemist
chiosc de zaile / chiosc de ziare   newsstand
chiristigiu / cherestegiu   timber merchant
chirug / chirurg   surgeon
chirurg   surgeon
ciment   cement
cimitir   cemetery
cinematografist   cinematographer
cioclu   undertaker, grave-digger
cioplitor piatra   stone cutter
ciorar / ciurar   sieve maker
circiumar / carciumar   tavern-keeper, publican
cirnatar / carnatar   sausage maker
cismar / cizmar   shoemaker
ciubotar   bootmaker
ciubucciu   pipe maker
ciuntu   crippled
ciurar   sieve maker
civila   civil
civile   civilian
cizmar   shoemaker
coafor   hairdresser
cofetar   confectioner
cojocar   furrier
colecta   collection
colector   collector
colector metali reforma   reprocessed metals collector
colorist   dyer
colportat / colportor   peddler
Com. Ort. Tim.   Community Orthodox Temple
comediant   comedian
comerc (com)   merchant (when alone), commercial (when with another word)
comercial   commercial
comerciant   merchant
comert   trade, commerce
comert conf. decl.   trade conference lecturer
comic. voiajar / coml. voiajor   commercial traveller
comisionar   messenger
comista   agent
compactor   bookbinder
comptabil   bookkeeper
comunitate   community
concesionar   lessee, concessionaire
cond. fabrica   factory manager
cond. intrep.   director
cond. technic / cond. tehnic   foreman
cond. tehnic   foreman
conduc. prava   shop chief
conducator (cond.)   leader
confectioner   ready made clothes maker, designer
conferentiar (confer)   lecturer
cons.   construction or consultant
cons. tehnic   technical consultant
conservator   museum employee
conserve   canned food
consilier   consultant
consiliu   council
constructor   builder
contabil (cont.)   bookkeeper
conzor / censor   censor
coproprietor / coproprietar   joint owner
cordonier   girdle maker
corector   proofreader
corespondent   correspondent
corsetier   girdle maker
cositor   tin
cotingar / (cotigar, cotiugar)   wheelbarrow transporter
covrigar   bretzel (pretzel) maker
cravatier   necktie maker
crescator   breeder
crismar   coachman, innkeeper
crohmalagiu   starch maker
croitor   tailor
croitoreasa   tailoress, seamstress
croitor de straie jidovesti   tailor of Jewish clothes
crupar   confectioner
cu   with
cufar   chest
cufarar   chest maker
cuferar / cufarar   chest maker
cupeur   cutter
curatita   cleaner
curelar   leather strip maker
cusatorita de camasi   seamstress of shirts
cutitar   knifemaker
dactilograf (dact.)   typist
daracitor de lina   wool carder
dascal   schoolmaster
de ocazie   second hand
debit de tutun   tobacconist, newsstand
delegat   deputy
dentar   dental
dentist   dentist
Dep. Saci   warehouse for sacks
desenator   draftsman
dir. scoala   school principal
director (dir.)   manager
director liceu   lyceum principal
director salar   manager of wage-earners
distilator   distiller
distrib. ziare   newspaper distributor
doctor (Dr.)   doctor (of)
doctorand   doctoral candidate
doctylo   typist
dogar   cooper
drept   law
dricar   undertaker
droghist   druggist
droguist / droghist   druggist
drojdier   yeast maker
dulgher   carpenter
economie (econ.)   economist, economy
electrician   electrician
electromec   electromechanic
elev   student
elogar / elogiar   eulogist
epistat   police overseer
epitru. bis   synagogue administrator
expeditor   shipper
expert (exp.)   specialist
expert vamal   customs specialist
exploatator   entrepreneur
export   exporter
export oua   egg exporter
extern spital   non-resident medical student/ hospital assistant
fabrica   factory
fabricant   manufacturer
facator   maker, agent
face negutatorii de producturi   merchant of foodstuff
face speculation din picioare   street merchant
faclar / faclier   torch maker
faclier   torch maker
factura (fact.)   bill, invoice
faiantar   faience producer
faina   flour
fainare   miller
falm de (falim)   bankrupt
fara   without; uneducated (when school related)
fara meserie   without trade
fara spiculatie   speculator
farmacie   pharmacy
farmacist   pharmacist
faur   blacksmith
ferar / fierar   ironmonger, blacksmith
ferastrau / ferestrau   saw, sawmill
feredier   bathhouse attendant
ferma   farm
fier   iron
fier vechi   scrap iron
fierar   ironmonger, blacksmith
fieronar de trasuru   ironmaker for carriages
filator   spinning mill operator
filatura   spinning mill
filisaj   screw cutter
filosofie / filozofie   philosophy
filtrar vinuri   wine filterer
filtrator   filterer
finisaj   finishing
flasnetar   organ grinder
fochist   stoker, fireman
fost (f.)   former
fost com   former merchant
fotograf   photographer
franghier   rope maker
freca   rub, massage
fringhiar   rope maker
frizer   barber
fruct   fruit
funct de legatie   consular worker
functionar (funct.)   office worker
furnizor   purveyor
galanterie   haberdashery
galvanizator   galvanizer
gardian   guard, policeman
gaterist   sawmill operator
gazetar   journalist
geambas   horse dealer
geamciu / geamgiu   glazier
geamgui   glazier
geamant.   suitcase
gheata   boot
giambas de cai / geambas de cai   horse trader
giamgiu / geamgiu   glazier
giuvaergiu   jeweler
gospodar   householder, landlord
gradinar   gardener
gramatic   grammar teacher
granar   granary, corn dealer
grataragiu   griller
gravor   engraver
grefier   court clerk
gropar   gravedigger
haham   kosher butcher
haine   clothes
hamal   porter
hangiu   innkeeper
harabagiu   carter, wagoneer
heliografist   photocopier
hotelier   hotel keeper
impletitor sarma   wire winder
importator   importer
imprimeur   printer
inapt   unfit
incaltaminte   footwear
incarcator   loader
incasator   ticket collector
inconstient   unconscious
indrumator   guide
industrial (ind.)   industrial
industrias   manufacturer
infirm   crippled, disabled
ing(iner) chimist   chemical engineer
ing(iner) constr.   civil engineer
ing(iner) electric   electrical engineer
ing(iner) electr mec   electromechanical engineer
ing(iner) electroteh   electrotechnical engineer
ing(iner) fizician   physicist
ing(iner) ind.   industrial engineer
ing(iner) mecanic   mechanical engineer
ing(iner) metal   metallurgist
ing(iner) mine   mining engineer
ing(iner) Naval   Naval engineer
ing(iner) radio   radio engineer
ing(iner) silvic   forestry engineer
ing(iner) textile   textile engineer
inginer (ing.)   engineer
inspector   inspector
instalator   plumber, fitter
institutor   school teacher
instructor   teacher
intendent   (school) administrator
intermediar   intermediary
invalid   cripple
invatatoare   school teacher (female)
invatator   school teacher
jartericar   garter maker
judecator   judge
juridic   judicial
juvaergiu   jeweler
laborant   laboratory assistant
lacatus   locksmith
laptar   milkman
leg. maturi   broommaker
legator (de carti)   bookbinder
lemn   wood
lemnar   carpenter
lemne / lemn   wood
lenger / lenjerie   underwear
lesie   lye
liber prof.   freelancer
libera   self employed handyman
librar   bookseller
licentiat (lic.)   bachelor of
liceu   lyceum
liceul   lyceum (worker)
lichidator   liquidator
lina / lana   wool
linger / lenjerie   underwear
litere / literatura   literature
litograf   lithographer
livada   orchard
loterie   lottery
lucrator   laborer
lumanar / lumanarar   candlemaker
lumanor / lumanarar   candlemaker
lumenaror / lumanarar   candlemaker
lustragiu   bootblack
macelar   butcher
maestru   foreman
maestru dric   hearse driver
magazin   store
magaziner   store owner
magazioner   store owner
magina de tocat / masina de tocat   meat grinder
magistrat   magistrate
maistru / maiestru   foreman
mangalagiu   charcoal maker
manipulant   tram driver
manusa   glove
marfa   merchandise
marinist   boatman
maritim   maritime, naval
marochine(rie)   leather goods
maruntisuri   small goods
masina   machine
masini cusut / masina de cusut   sewing machine
masinist   machinist
matematician   mathematician
matriter   die marker
mecanic   mechanic
medic   physician
medic dentist   dental surgeon
meditator   coach, tutor
mentale   mental, insane
mes si arte   skilled laborer, artisan
meserias   handicraftsman
meserie   trade
meserii   vocational (school), trade
mester   master
metale   metals
metalurgist   metallurgist
mg. chemist   chemical warehouseman
mic   small
mijlocitor   middleman, mediator
mijlocitor de marfa   merchandise middleman
militie ofiteri   military officer
minier / minar   miner, mining
misit   agent
moara   mill
moasa   midwife
mobila   furniture
modelist   modeller
montator   fitter
monteur   framer
morar   miller
mosie   estate
mosier   landowner
muncitor   worker, laborer
mungiu   candlemaker
murar / morar   miller
mutat   displaced
muzica   music
muzicant   musician
ne ste carte / nu stie carte   illiterate
negustor   shopkeeper
negustor de maruntisuri   huckster
nevoias   pauper
nichelar   nickel plater
nichelator   nickel plater
notar   notary
nu rec.   no record
nu stie carte   illiterate
nu, nu are, n'are   no (education or profession)
ocazie   occasional
oficiant   government clerk
oglindor   mirror maker
olar   potter
om de nevoie   pauper
oper. cinema   cinema operator
optician   optician
oriceni / orice   anything
ortopedist   orthopedist
ospatar   waiter
otel   steel
pacura   fuel oil
padurar   forester
padure   wood
palarier   hatter
palmas   handicraftsman
pantafar / pantofar   shoemaker
pantalonar   pantsmaker
pantofar   shoemaker
papetarie   stationery, paper-trade
parfumier   perfumer
particular (part.)   private
pascar pietrar   stone mason
patron   employer
pazitor   guard
paznic   watchman
pecetar   seal maker
pedagog   educator
penitenciar   prison
pens militar   military pensioner
perceptor   tax collector
perier   brushmaker
pescar   fisherman
petrol   oil
petrolist   oil merchant
pianist   pianist
piata   market
pictor   painter
pictor de firme   sign painter
pictor desenator   one who makes sketches
pielar   leather-trade
pietrar   stoneworker
pitar   bread maker
pivnicer   wine cellar keeper
pivnita   wine cellar
placintariul   pastry shop owner
plapumar / plapomar   blanket maker, quilter
plapunor / plapomar   quilter
plasator   usher
plasator marfe   salesman
plugar   ploughman
podgorie   vineyard
poduri   bridges
politist   policeman
porcar   swineherd
portar   doorman, janitor
posta   post office
practicant   practitioner
prada   plunder
prajitor cafea   coffee roaster
precupet   huckster, produce seller
prelim.   prior
procurist   proxy
prof liber   freelancer
prof muzica   music teacher
prof partic   private tutor
prof primar   primary school teacher
prof sec   secondary teacher
prof univers   university professor
profesoara de liceu   lyceum teacher
profesor (prof.)   teacher
propr. case   landlord
proprietar   owner
psalt   religious teacher
publicist   journalist
rabin   rabbi
rachier   brandy maker
radio techni   radio technician
radiofonist   radio operator
radiologie   radiology
raion   section
randas   servant
regla   regulated
rentier annuitant   independent gentleman
reparatie (repar.)   repair
reparator   repairman
reprezentant (repr., reprez.)   representative
restaurator   restorer
revanzator   retailer, dealer
richtuitor   person who prepares leather for shoemaker
rindis / randas   servant
robar   robe maker
rotar   wheelwright
rufar   underwear maker
sacagiu   water carrier
saidacar / saidecar   saddlemaker
salahor   day laborer
salariat   wage-earner
sanita   sanitary
santier constr.   building site
sapgar   cap maker
sapunar   soapmaker
sarac   beggar
sat   village
satar   meat chopper
scarmana   card (wool), thrash
scaun   chair
scoala primara   primary school
scolar   school boy
scortar   small rug maker
scriitor   writer
sculptor   sculptor
sculptor modelator   sculptor modeller
secrator / secretar   secretary
secretar   secretary
secundare   secondary
sef   chief
sef (de) atelier   headman
sef orchestra   orchestra conductor
sepcar / sapcar   capmaker
seral   evening
serv.   servant
servitor   man servant
sforar / sfoarar   rope maker
si   and
sifonar   sodawater bottle maker
sin   son of
sinagoga   synagogue
slefuitor   polisher
sluga   servant
smukler   lacemaker
sobar   stove maker
socetate (soc.) / societate   company
sofer   chauffeur
sofeur / sofer   chauffeur
somer   unemployed
spalator   washer
spalator chem.   dry cleaner
spalator de lina   washer of wool
spalator haine   clothes washer
specialist (spec.)   specialist
spediteur / expeditor   transporter, shipper
speditor / expeditor   transporter, shipper
spiculant   speculator
spirt   alcohol (wine)
spital (spit.)   hospital
spiter   pharmacist
spitular   pharmacist, chemist
statisticean / statistician   statistician
steclar / sticlar   bottlemaker
stenograf   stenographer
sticlar   bottlemaker
sticlarie   glassworks
stie carte   literate
stiinta   science
stiinte / stiinta   science
stiute cantorale (institute)   cantorial institute
stoler   carpenter, cabinet maker
straie jidovesti   tailor of Jewish clothes
strungar   turner
student   student
sub   under (deputy)
subcolector   deputy collector
subdirector   deputy manager
subofiter   non-commissioned officer
sudar / sudor   welder
sudor galv   electroplater
sufus strain / supus strain   foreign subject
superior (sup.)   senior
supraveghetor   supervisor, overseer
supus strain   foreign subject
surdomut   deaf mute
tabacar   tanner
taetor geamuri   glazier
taetor lemne   woodcutter
taljalar   solemaker
tamplar   carpenter
tapiter   upholsterer
tarifer   makes schedules or rates
teatru   theater
tech. dentist   dental technician
technician   technician
tehnic   technical
tejghetar de carne   butcher
telal   peddler
teolog   theologian
teologie   divinity, theology
tesator   weaver
tesetor / tesator   weaver
teslar   carpenter
teslar de harabagiu   wagon maker
textile (text.)   textile or textile plant
textilist   textile worker
theater vatav   theater manager
tichare   ticket taker
timplar   cabinet maker
tine circima   publican
tinichigiu   tinsmith, tinker
tipograf   printer
tiutungui / tutungui   tobacconist
tobosar   drummer
tocilar   whetstone grinder
tolbas   quiver maker
torcator   spinner
traducator   translator
traieste cu milostenie   livelihood from charity
transport   transportation
transporturi   transporter
trasuru   carriage
tricotaje   knitwear
tricoter   knitter
tunator / turnator   foundry worker
turnator oglinzi   caster of mirrors
turtar   cake maker
tutungui / tutungiu   tobacconist
ucenic   apprentice
ulei   oil
umbrelar   umbrella maker
vagonet   truck
vamal   custom-house
vames   customs clerk, toll collector
vanzator   vendor
vanzator la piata   vendor at market
var   lime
vatalar   cotton-wool maker
vatav   manager, bailiff
vechi   old
veterinar   veterinarian
vezetiu / vizitiu   coachman
vie   vineyard
vinzator / vanzator   vendor
violinist   violinist
vite   cattle
viztiu / vizitiu   coachman
voiajor   traveller
vopsele   dye, paint
vopsitor   dyer, painter
vulcanizator   vulcanizer
zaraf   money changer
zarzavagiu   greengrocer
zdrenta / sdrenta   rag
zetar   compositer
ziar   newspaper
ziarist   journalist
zidar   bricklayer
zilier   day laborer
zis   also known as (A.K.A.)
ziua   day
ziuas   day worker
zofer / sofer   chauffeur
zugrav   house painter
zuias / ziuas   day worker

[Published at DVHH.org 20045 by Jody McKim]

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